Friday, November 11, 2016

The good European House

How can the EU be transformed into
"The good European House"?
- on the long term, mechanical, basic agenda of the EU-process for the period 1986 - 2030 and how to handle it

On the 29th of March two years ago, the IGC 96 was opened in Turin. The conference has now reviewed how the Maastricht Treaty on the European union (TEU) has functioned in relation to the goals set out in the articles A and B of the TEU and agreed on a new treaty; the Amsterdam Treaty.
The conference was prepared by different countries, by groups in the member-countries, by the "European Parliament" (EP), "The European Council", "The Commission" and a special "Reflection Group", the last of which left its report to the European Council in December 1995.
The TEU, The European Council, the Commission, the EP and the Council stated, or had agreed on a number of specific areas to be reviewed during the conference, summarized in the report of the Commission on the conference.
But none of these reports deal with some important questions, that concern the development of EU in a longer perspective.

What is the EU?
It is, of course, on one level possible to argue for it as the expression of an effort to weave together the economies of Europe in such a way that it makes it impossible for "unreliable power hungry national politicians" to start wars against one another in the future.
The EC/EU works in that direction.
But the EC/EU also has deeper roots and levels.
The TEU has some of its roots in the Coal and Steel Community of 1951 and the Treaty of Rome from 1957. And like "Rome", the EU too is not built in only one day, or in one step.
After preparatory work for decades, the EU has been built in two steps since its dynamic new start during the mid 80-s, and the long-range, very conscious work by Mr Jacques Delors and others.
During the first phase; from 1986 to 1992, the "Single Market" was built, by first transforming the "European Economical Communities" to the "European Communities" and finally to "The European Community". Thereby, what later - with the TEU - explicitly came to be called the "first pillar", was brought to a preliminary end.
Facing the second 6-year-phase, that took its start in 1992, the ground was laid also for that which normally constitutes the "state functions" as such of normal states, with the efforts - formulated with TEU in Maastricht - to realize a "Common Foreign and Security Policy" and a cooperation in the fields of justice and home affairs, termed the "second" and the "third pillar" of the "European house" .
This second phase is meant to come to an end in 1998, with the completion of the "first pillar" in the form of an Economical and Monetary Union (EMU), a single currency and a completely autonomous European Central Bank (ECB), with the minimal inflation and the stable currency as the central goals.
This intensification of the work to develop the cooperation in Europe has evoked enthusiasm in a number of people, while it has evoked apprehension in other people, who feel ever more pressed and awkward in the face of the dreams of Europe as a "Great Power" they feel thereby come to expression.

Is it possible to understand what this process is the expression of, from an anthroposophical perspective?
Yes. With the realization of the basis for the "first pillar" - the "Single Market" during the first 6-year period after 1986, and the effort to realize the "second" and the "third pillar" in their present form as expressions for the "state functions" as such during the second 6-year period after 1986 with EU - a process has been started, that implicates five more phases, not yet described, but implicit in the "building-process".
These stages it is possible to describe, as the seven stages constitute the classical stages of the basic building of "houses" into living, functioning "bodies", filled with life, soul and spirit.
During the first stage of the "EU-process" a legal "body" has been built for "economical life" in all its aspects proper of the social organism in the form of the Single market.
During the second stage of EU, a "body" has now also been built for the social and legal life between humans as a basic legal order, in the form of the European Union.
During the third stage in the building of social "houses" a "body" is built for the soul, for cultural life for the future of the house, of the organism.
And during the fourth stage in the building of social "houses", a "body" is built in some form for the "spirit" - for the "I" - of the house, of the organism.
This "I" that lives in this "egobody" of the organism then penetrates and transforms that which has been built during the first three stages.
During the fifth stage, this "I" penetrates and transforms that which has been built during the third stage as a "body" for the soul, and tries to develop it into something new as a free cultural life for the future.
During the sixth stage, this "I" penetrates the social order that has been built as a "body" for the social and legal life during the second stage as the "Old Law " and tries to democratize and christianize it into something new for the future as the "New Law".
And during the seventh stage finally, this "I" penetrates what has been built as a "body" for economy during the first stage and tries to transform it into something new for the future as an ever more "brotherly", altruistic economical life.
This is the general pattern of the building process for social houses, social organisms - described in very short and principal terms.

The Ur-drama of the first seven mythical Roman Kings
You find it described already by Livy in his picture of the first seven mythical Roman Kings, as the founders of the Roman Empire.
The first was Romulus, who was raised to heaven as the god "Quirinius" (not completely unlike Jacques Delors).
The second king; Numa Pompilius embodied social order, he brought laws for ordinary living.
The third king, Tullus Hostilius, represented the passions. Under him, the attacks against divine nature began, causing discord, struggle and war, through which Rome became great.
The fourth king, Ancus Martius, developed the arts.
The fifth Roman king however; Tarquinius Priscus, was not engendered out of the Roman organism, but was introduced into Roman culture from the Etruscan culture, as also the last two.
The sixth king; Servius Tullus, transformed the social order founded by the second king; Numa Pompilius, and represents the canon of the law.
The seventh king; Tarquinius Superbus, the "most exalted" one, however was overthrown, as he was not able to maintain the high level of the social system.
The seven mythical kings of the first phase of the Roman Empire represent the Ur-drama of the building of social "organisms", that also now comes to expression in the building of Europe into a "house" - during a special phase of its development - out of the economical sphere since 1985.

The three "pillars" - seeds to a differentiated European development
Is it possible to come to a picture of a possible proper continuation of this house-building process?
How can the EU-process be transformed in a "proper" way into something good?
Many people already try to come to different conceptions of what a humanised Europe within the frame of EU should look like.
One possible starting point is the "three pillars" in the work of classical house building tradition, that constitutes the roots of "the system of three pillars" of EU.
In the EU-process they stand out in a form, strongly directed towards the development of Europe into a federal, unified superstate.
In their original form, they are described already by among other Pherekydes during the 6th century BC. He describes them as "Chronos" - as an expression of "moral strength" to do the good, "Zeus" - as an expression of "inner beauty", and "Chton" - as an expression of "wisdom".
In the human being, these qualities are connected with the possible goals for her will, her life of feelings and her thinking.
In society, they are connected with and an expression of the possible future goals for the economical life, the legal and social life and for cultural life.
One later finds them described again by Plato, but now in a reduced form, in his picture of the groups of the ideal society as he sees it and describes it in his work "The Republic". He there describes how these groups are - not three but - two main groups; "craftsmen" and "the guardians" - those who take care of the state functions proper.
This second main group; the "guardians", however - according to Plato - consists of two subgroups; "the warriors", who protect the state against hostile powers and "the philosophers", who are the real rulers in his ideal "state". These "philosophers" constitute the elite in his ideal state, and to the questions that Plato treats in "The Republic" belong how this elite is to be educated to fill its functions to rule society "in the best way" out of their insights.
Another starting point is the actual separation of the work of EU between the so far allembracing Commission in Brussels, and the work of a Parliament that has so far been reduced to a an instancy of remitment, in another city; Strasbourg; two organs in a clear imbalance with one another in a way that has euphemistically been termed the "democratic deficit" .
A third starting point is the so far "wandering cultural city of Europe" - the election by the Commission of a city in Europe to be "The cultural capital of Europe" for one year.

With these starting points, one sees that one of the problems with the EU, the first and central, basic task, is to transform the Commission to what it is in its essence and bears in itself as a seed to become; an actual, factual organ of cooperation on a European level for the main parties of economy on an equal basis, concentrated on and limiting its work to the initiation and implementation of legislation in the field of economy.
At present, the Commission, with its construction and direction, its 24 General Directorats (26 as DG I is divided into I A, I B and I C) and its monopoly in initiating and implementing legistlation for the first pillar of EC/EU, is almost completely characterised by the perspectives and interests that flow from the leaders of the great industries and capital interests through ERT; "European Round Table of industrialists" and CEPS; "the Centre for European Policy Studies" .
ERT consists of 45 leaders for European industries with totally three million employees and a turnover of about 500 billion "Euros" per year. It constitutes one of the most influential lobby groups of the EU.
CEPS was founded in 1993 by about 40 transnational companies and banks in Western Europe in cooperation with different foundations. Later, American and Japanese interests have also joined CEPS. CEPS is a part of the political establishment of Europe through its history, through being economically independent and through having strong personal bonds with the top level of the Commission, of NATO and of WEU.
If one looks at the Commission, it is clear that it contains many wefts of a "Round Table" -character and dialogues with representatives of many more or less transnational groups in Europe, before different propositions for legistlation are put forth in different areas.
But its work is also based on "the four freedoms" for a producer-oriented economy. These are what the builders of EU - from their perspective - view as the proper expression for the "tools" , with which one in the classical house-building tradition builds the "first pillar" of "houses" .
This "Mars"-character of the economy still corresponds to and is an expression of the development of the human being up to the present time.
But if you look forward, you also see that this one-sided and strong orientation towards the interests of the producers and bankers belongs to the past. In the future we have to develop much more of the "Mercurial" cooperation in the field of economy, "brotherly" directed as much, if not more towards the interests and needs of not ourself, but of all our fellows.
For this the EU stands before the long term task to step by step deconstruct the remaining "hierarchical" character of the Commission, still dominated by the interests of banking, industry and business through ERT, CEPS and other well financed and powerful lobby groups, and develop it in its essence into an ever more "brotherly" "Round table"-organisation that in an institutionalised way and on an equal, "brotherly" basis comprises all parties that in different ways take part in the production and circulation of goods.
Is this possible?
Yes, if you take your start in an understanding of the essence of all "economy"; the circulation of goods. If you look at it, you see that the circulation of goods in human society comprises four stages.

The first stage is the "production" of goods out of matter taken from the earth. The counterpole to this production of goods is the "consumption" of them. To the consumer some of the main interests are the quality, the availability and the price of the goods.
Between these two interests the different "business"-actors mediate, from the wholesale dealers to the shop at the corner, who transport the goods from producers to consumers, helping the producers to find markets and the consumers to find the right goods and getting them at a reasonable, fair price.
But there is also a fourth stage of the circulation. It consists of the way of the used rests of the goods, the residues, back to and through a new stage of "nature". The feeling of the responsibility for not taking out more from the Earth than it can give and not to poison it in such a way that it will die "before its time has come" also has its main representatives who can be found in the enviromental movements and the green parties around the world.
Together, the producers, the traders, the consumers and the green movements and parties represent the responsibilities for the four basic stages of the process of circulation of goods;

to make things out of nature that we need to build our lives on Earth,
to distribute them,
to build our culture through and by using and and consuming goods, and
not to take out too much of the Earth or poison it with the left-overs of our culture.

Different representatives for groups representing all these parties, that are responsible for different parts of the circulation of goods, can be found in the work of the Commission, but some mainly in a subordinated role.
Here one finds among other ETUC; the European Trade Union Confederation, an association of the 50 greatest main labor unions within EU, except for the French CGT, and representing 47 million members. ETUC is consulted when the Commission formulates its suggestions for legislation.
Another organ is BEUC; European Bureau of Consumer´s Unions, an umbrella-association for 23 national European consumer organisations that represent the consumer interests in some 20 committees participating in the legislative process of EU and in the Committee of Consumers of the EU-Commission; CCC.
According to a decision in the Council of Ministers in 1990, a European Enviromental Agency was to be erected with its seat in Copenhagen and the task of making studies and summarizing information that can constitute the basis for decisions in the environmental field. This has also been done.
It was however not meant to get and also has not - as little as the European Environmental Bureau in Brussels, behind which stands non-governmental environmental organisations - got any controlling authority, which the EU-Parliament demanded.
Of the 24 General Directorats only one (DG V) is directly dealing with questions of employment (and unemployment), one with consumer questions (DG XXIV) and one directly with "Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection" (DG XI) (two other Directorats however also support it in questions of research on enviromental technique and energy; DG XII and XVII).

To the most important questions and tasks in the work to reform the EU in a longer perspective belongs the task to rebalance the work of the Commission.
If the EU shall be able to develop in a proper, timely, human, socially and ecologically responsible way, the EU faces as the main, central task to decide on an enlargment of the Commission, in pace with the East- and South-enlargement of EU.
To meet the needs of the near future, the Commission will have to institutionalise new General Directorats, except for those that exist for questions of economy, production, transport and trade, for also workers, consumers and "environmental interests" on an equal, brotherly level with the economy-production and transport-trade parties.
The 10-15 new necessary General Directorats that should in time be instituted to deal more actively with the problems of unemployment, for small scale business on a cooperative basis, for consumer-, and not least the many important environmental problems, correspond well to the number of expected new member-countries of Eastern and Southern Europe, and could also be institutionalised in a natural way one at a time with a new Commissioner from every new country that becomes a member.
At present, the "Commission" is slowly, but steadily developing into ever more of an also formal "Government" for the whole of the EU.
This development is understandable and has deep roots, but is - today - completely wrong and untimely. It would be totally wrong finally to institutionalise the Commission as a sort of also formal government for the whole of EU, with the Council of Ministers as a sort of "senate" and "first chamber", superior to the the EU-Parliament as a sort of "second chamber" for the populase.
The Commission should be rebalanced to include General Directorats for all the four stages of the circulation of goods on an equal and brotherly basis in its structure - including coworkers, consumers and environmental interests - and thereafter stick to and cultivate its task as a legislating-initiating and -implementing organ in the field of the the "first pillar"; the economy. Doing such an objective thing would make it into something really good in the face of the future development of Europe and a source of inspiration for also other parts of the world.
To the tasks for the Commission also belongs the further development of the "brotherly" relation to Eastern Europe, that strong forces are already trying to realize. An important measure in this direction would also be to fuse DG IV ("Competition") with the mixed DG XXIII to a new Directorate dealing as much with questions of cooperation and of Cooperatives as with competition into the near future in the field of economy.

In this context, the forced work to establish a single currency for the whole of Europe in 1998 and the establishment of a European Central Bank as an independant instrument for the steering of the economy of all of Europe feels very troubling.
In its present planned form the bank is meant to be essentially totally separated from, independant of and retracted from all and every external influence and regulation from organs like the EU-Commission, the EU-Parliament and the Council of Ministers, even though its in the beginning of May 1998 appointed Dutch chief Wim Duisenberg has promised to keep up a regular dialogue with the European Parliament. It is also meant to have as its primal goal the minimal inflation and the stable currency, a goal to be put before every other consideration and problem, like the enviromental, human or social concerns, or the comprehensive unemployment.
Developed in this way, the economical life will not only get a to a certain extent necessary independence, but will also finally be given the absolute superiority over every other social process in a potentially disastrous way in the face of the further development of Europe.
How important different quarters consider this central steering organ to be for the total further development of Europe, is shown by the fact that it, facing its third and last "fixation stage" - like the "Federal Reserve Act" when it was taken by only three senators on the Christmas Eve in 1913 and signed by President Wilson the same night, and like the TEU when it was formed in 1991 - was "protected" from the "danger" of having to be discussed during the IGC 96 and thereby included and subordinated under a somewhat more democratically steered part of the EU.
The pushing through of the third stage of the EMU before the "Sacred" date of "the 1st of January 1999", that is "1998", is the last "necessary" to necessitate the transformation of The Commission into an also formal, but improper "Government" over all of EU. As such, it is the "eye of the needle" for the possibility to either steer the development towards the by some wished for, powerful "(American-)European Empire", or away from this Dinosauric/Tyrannosauric dream, towards the necessary differentiation that the "pillar system" has laid the foundation for.

To the second main task in the reformation of EU belongs the decision to strongly limit the tasks for the Directorat on "External Political Relations" (DG IA).
The work under the present "second pillar" for questions of Foreign and Security policy should be strictly limited to the "Petersberg tasks" and completely transferred to a very much strengtened and developed OSCE; the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, as its proper forum. "The work under the "second pillar" proper of EU should instead be reduced to the work that has so far been carried out under the "third pillar" and be kept on an "inter-national"; confederative level, suggestibly in the following direction.
The European Parliament and the Council of ministers should develop an ever more intimate cooperation with the corresponding organs of the Council of Europe.
The present right for the Commission to initiate legistlation in other fields than those that directly concern economy and the circulation of goods should be liquidated and transferred out of the work of the Commission.
The right to initiate legistlation in some fields should be transferred over to the EU-Parliament, the national Parliaments and the Council of Ministers and the corresponding organs of The Council of Europe, for which procedures will have to be developed - and the implementation of the legistlation should be transferred to the Council of Ministers and the national Governments.
To the questions the joint organs of EU and The Council of Europe should cooperate around on a confederative level belong especially all questions that have to do with the purely social life between humans and the coordination and cooperation on questions concerning home policy (like part of DG V: "Social Affairs" ).
The Council of Ministers and the EU-Parliament must also, as more democratically chosen organs, retain respectively get the possibility to review and reformulate the frames for the work of the Commission and the European Central Bank, and have as the main task to defend and secure the right of every human to live a humanly dignified life in peace with his or her fellow humans, regardless of his or her nationality, gender or possibility to contribute to the production and distribution of goods and services. Here the parliamentarian democracy still stands out as a model for the work.
The present system of jurisdiction, with the forms of decision reduced to the planned three for legistlation under the "first pillar" of EU also stands out as something good for the time being.
With time, the Commission and the EU-Parliament/Council of Ministers could also be more clearly separated from one another, by moving the EU-Parliament clearly more into Central Europe.

At present, the picture of the three pillars of the European house depicts the "third pillar" as the pillar for questions of Home Policy.
This picture corresponds to the "reduced" and "ruler-oriented" picture of society described by Plato in his "Republic". But it also depicts the reduced picture of man that was "decided" to be the "proper" one at the Ecumenical Council of Constantinopel in 869.
Before this meeting, in Christianity one had viewed man as composed of "body", "soul" and "spirit". At this church meeting it was however decided to view the spiritual in man, not as something independent and existing in itself, but only as a quality of the soul. Thereby, man was reduced to a "body", and a "soul" even if with some spiritual qualities.
This reduced picture of man reflects Plato´s reduced picture of the "ideal state" and today appears again in the present picture of the "three pillars of EU".
The "Ur-picture" for all good building work of the Temple tradition is the building of the Temple of Solomon, according to the legend built as a three part drama between Hiram, Solomon and Balkis, the queen of Sheeba. Viewed as a "social house construction" in this perspective, the EEA-phase between 1986 and 1992 stands out as the phase of Hiram, the Master of the Craft. The second; EU-phase between 1992 and 1998 stands out as the phase of Solomon, the Architect.
Against this background, the third phase in the building proper of Europe as a "house" between 1998 and 2005 stands out as the phase of Balkis proper, "the woman of star wisdom".
A mirror of this picture can also be found in the symbol of EU with its 12 stars, with its roots in the picture of the "heavenly woman", dressed in the sun, with the moon under her feet and her head surrounded by twelve star, ready to bear her child, mediated by the Apocalypse (12:1-3). This will undoubtedly constitute the basis for some drama around the turn of the Millennium.
As a counterweight to these dramas and the third main task for the EU - and in the longer perspective - one can see the choice and institutionalisation of a more permanent European cultural Capital in the Western Slavic area - Prague is a very good one - except the wandering and free one, as a seed and forum for the development of a free, spiritualised European cultural life for the future and as an important bridge to Russia and the Eastern Slavic area.
Here belongs also the transfer of all questions concerning the multicultural life of Europe out of the EU and over to a from EU totally independent, European cultural organ, with its centre in Prague (like the present DG X for "Information, Communication, Culture and Audiovisual" and DG XXII for "Education, Training and Youth" ).
This has been meant only as some short indications. But they stand out as some of the things that have to take place and will take place sooner or later, and our only possibility to do them peacefully is to do them consciously now, if they shall not in 15-20 years begin forcing their way by more uncontrolled, violent means, as the disastrous 100 years war between England and France of the 14th century, the long and many European wars of the 17th century and the two World wars during this 20th century, resulting from immature - if understandable - ways of handling other, related problems.

A "counter-threefoldment"
One counter form to this necessary differentiation of Europe is however also already developing (Brzezinski, Int Herald Tribune 2.5.94, Kolankiewicz, Int Affairs 3.7.94). It consists in the formation of an axis, comprised of the three states of France, Germany and Poland, with France and Poland as wings holding a strong and central Germany in place and fixed in the function as the economic "motor" of the development of Europe into the future, as a "mechanical heart", instead of as part of the "spiritual heart" of Europe that it bears as a task to be.
This development in every way misses the central points in the task of Central Europe, but will undoubtedly be more or less carried through.
With the Single European Act, the Maastricht Treaty and the Amsterdam Treaty, a constitution for EU is now developing, that will put its mark on the whole future of the present "European/West-European" cultural epoch, starting with the Renaissance, in its development of a free, spiritualised cultural life as an expression of the conscious and responsible human being, and for which the central European idealistic tradition and the cultural impulses and life of Eastern Europe are crucial and absolutely necessary.
We are now heading for the next crucial act/treaty of the EC/EU-process around 2004/5, concerned with the questions of the fourth phase of the process, its turning point.

The time between about 2005 and 2011 during the EU-process that is being developed between 1986 and 2030, will probably display the culmination of the forces and strivings that want to make Europe into a federation, with the strife to finally institutionalise the "Presidency" of the Union on top of the pyramid.
This "Precidency" will then constitute a form of "Ego-organisation" for Europe. For what "I" for Europe do those, that are now developing it in stages, build it as a "body" to incarnate in?
The "I" of Europe can not be materialised as authority for power for a "president" in one human being. It lives and weaves in the social life between the peoples of Europe, in the conscious warm interest we show our fellow humans, independently of who they are and where they come from.
The attempt to build an external symbol as a social and legal "body" in the form of the "Presidency" for EU is a potentially bad omen, if it is not being handled in the proper way.
The forth basic problem of the EU-process consists in handling this problem, having to do with the relation between the "economic" life of Europe and its organ (the Ecosoc, the Commission and its "President" ), the common "legal" life of the countries of Europe and its organs (the national parliaments, EU-Parliament and the Council of Ministers and the corresponding organs of the Council of Europe) and the "cultural" life of Europe and its organs (with their center in the future European cultural capital of Prague).
The problem is dealt with among other already in the story by Goethe of "The green snake and the lily". An elementary model for the solution of this problem will possibly be the presidency of Bosnia, with three "presidents", the President of the Commission, the President of the Parliament and the President of the Council of Europe working together as a council.

Between about 2011 and 2030 we will then - viewed from the "mechanical" historical perspective of the leading Western groups described in the beginning - be facing three difficult tasks, as a possibility, "fighting" against or supported by the new constitution for EU.

The first of these tasks; the cultural task
"2011 - 2018"
will be to transform the not yet visible "humanistic power impulse" for Europe - in the spirit of Lyndon LaRouche, and Sorat, the second monster of the Apocalypse as one inspirational and challenging quality also behind the EMU - as well as the "spiritual power impulse" for Europe - in the spirit of the "Catholic Church" - that one can intuit will come to expression during the coming years, into further possibilites for a free, timely cultural life, that trancends both that which is "technically necessary" as well as that which is "spiritually necessary" into that which is truly humanly freedom creating.

The second task; the democratic task
"2018 - 2024"
to transform the external "Presidency" of EU, "lift out" the remains of "governmental power" in other fields than economy from the Commission, and transform the "European State" that has been impulsated as a "Union" into a true, democratic, equal legal life, built on social justice and human compassion.

And the third task, the economic task
"2024 - 2030"
the most difficult one; will be to transform that which has been impulsated as a "Single market", built on competition between strong producers, into an ever more altruistic economy, built on brotherhood, in all our common responsibility for the future of the Earth.

The different "Architects" and constructors of EU are now building a "legal body" as a "house" for the future Europe out of the perspective of economy, in a way that they think is right.
Above, I have tried to show how this process looks in a somewhat wider perspective.
The house is very consciously built. But it must not remain the tool for power of the benevolent elite, that it has very much been, even if understandable, so far.
It must be transformed out of that element which is good in it, so that it becomes a house for all the peoples of Europe, also those that today, mostly in Eastern Europe and Russia, have been put on the street as a result of "economical necessities" .
The role of Europe in world history has been central since the Renaissance - for better and worse - and it will surely continue to be important far into the future. But it must into this future consist in dissolving all striving for external power and all external power instruments, as also many have expressed in their struggle against the nuclear tests, that one member of EU has considered necessary to be able to develop nuclear arms further into the future.
Europe should instead cultivate its task as a mediating factor and a bridge between "East" and "West" and as a possible cultural inspirator "with a heart" - with not only the culture of Western Europe but also of Eastern Europe, and into the future ever more also of Russia, as a great inspirational well, but with a great respect for the role of all cultural groups of humanity.
In that work we are all responsible to form and build the "European house" to an inspiration for a humanly dignified life, as a part of all our common responsibility for the future of mankind and for the earth.
Only such a "good house" can also be generous and open to those that do not live in it, to visit freely and take part in.


BAIGENT M, LEIGH R, LINCOLN H: The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail. London: Corgi Books 1982
- The Messianic Legacy. London: Corgi Books 1987
- The Temple and The Lodge. London: Corgi 1996
BOWLE J: A history of Europe. London: Pan Books 1982
BORCKARDT K-D: European integration. The origins and growth of the European Union. Luxembourg: Office for the European Communities 1995
BOULANGER J-L, MARTIN D: ''Resolution on how the Treaty on European Union is functioning - implementation and development of the Union''. Luxembourg: European Parliament (A4-0102/95) 1995
BRZEZINSKI Z: Between Two Ages: America´s Role In The Technetronic Era. New York: Viking Press 1970
ECKHOFF H (ed): Europa und sein Genius (Europe and its spirit). Dornach: Verlag am Goetheanum 1984
ERNST J W: Das Schicksal unserer Zivilisation und die kommende Kultur des 21. Jahrhunderts (The destiny of our civilisation and the coming culture of the next century). Freiburg: Die Kommenden 1977
HALL M P: America´s Assignment With Destiny. The Adepts In The Western Esoteric Tradition, Part Five. Los Angeles: The Philosophical Research Society 1979
HARTVEIT K M: De skjulte brödre (The hidden brothers). Oslo: Ex Libris 1994
HEISTERKAMP J: Weltgeschichte als Menschenkunde (World history as knowledge of Man). Dornach: Gideon Spicker 1989
HEYER K: Geschichtsimpulse des Rosenkreutzertums (Historical impulses of Rocicrucianism). Kressbronn (Bodensee): Private printing by the author in 1959
ICKE D: ... and the truth shall set you free. Cambridge: Pendragon Press 1995
ISSACSON W, T E: The Wise Men: Six Friends And The World They Made. New York: Simon and Schuster 1986
LIEVEGOED B: Mysterienströmungen in Europa und die Neuen Mysterien (Mystery streams in Europe and the new mysteries). Stuttgart: Freies Geistesleben c. 1978
MORIZOT P: The Templars. London: Anthroposophical Company 1960
Preparing Europe for the 21th Century. Report by the Commission of the European Union on the functioning of the Treaty on European Union. Brussels/Luxembourg: ECSC -EC-EAEC 1995
QUIGLEY C: The Anglo-American Establishment. NewYork: Books in Focus 1981
Report on the functioning of the Treaty on European Union. Brussels: Council of the European Union, General Secretariat 14 March 1995 (SN 1821/95)
RIEMECK R: Mitteleuropa. Bilanz einer Jahrhunderts (Central Europe. Summing up a century). Freiburg: Die Kommenden 1977?
SCHMUNDT W: Der soziale Organismus in seiner Freiheitsgestalt (The social organism in its freedomform). Dornach: Phil-Anthr Verlag am Goetheanum 1977
SOLOVIEV V: The Antichrist. Edinburgh: Floris Books 1982
STEGMAN C: Das andere Amerika (The other America). Dornach: Verlag am Goetheanum 1991
STEINER R: Die Tempellegende und die Goldene Legende als symbolischer Ausdruck vergangener und zukünftiger Entwickelungsgeheimnisse des Menschen (The Temple Legend and the Golden Legend as symbolic expressions of past and future evolutionary secrets of man). GA 93. 1904-14.
- Die Apokalypse des Johannes (The apocalypse of St John). GA 104. 1908.
- Lecture held on the 7th of March 1914 in Stuttgart on the Temple impulse in relation to every Millenienum.
- Towards Social Renewal. London: Rudolf Steiner Press 1977
- The inner aspect of the social question (Lectures held the 4th and the 11th of February and the 9th of March in Zürich 1919. In: GA 193). London: Rudolf Steiner Press 1974
STUMCKE I, KLOCKENBRING G: Der Impuls von Lérins. Spuren eines johanneisschen Christentum im 4. Jahrhunderts (The impulse of Lérins. Traces of a Johannite Christianity in the 4th century). Stuttgart: Freies Geistesleben 1977
WESTENDORP C: Progress report by the reflection group on the 1996 InterGovernmental Conference 1996, BC-TEXT-IGC-REPORT August 24, 1995
VIERECK G S: The Strangest Friendship In History: Woodrow Wilson And Colonel House. New York: Liveright 1932
YATES F A: The Rosicrucian Enlightenment. London: Paladin 1975

Saturday, July 18, 2009

Граѓански манифест за Европска Македонија

Денес над Македонија не се раѓа сонцето на слободата. Денес сонцето ни заоѓа. Станува мрачно и мрак не обвива. Тешка пропагандна магла земјата ни ја покрива. Заспаноста на нашиот разум произведе илјадници политички монструми. Тие ја користат нашата рамнодушност за да и ја цицаат крвта на нашата тешко стекната држава. Го користат нашиот страв и нашата малодушност за да ги газат нашите права и слободи.
Почитувани сограѓанки и сограѓани,
Вие што сакате да живеете во европска, а не во некаква си неолитска, библиска или античка Македонија, придружете ни се во борбата против окупаторите на нашата свест и совест!
Нашата борба е за обнова на достоинството на граѓанинот. Нашата борба е против политичарите кои зборуваат за европеизација и за борба против корупција, а спроведуваат букефализација и корумпираат медиуми, судии, академици и ректори. Нашата борба е против божемните демократи кои одлучуваат зад затворени врати. Нашата борба е против народните платеници кои храмот на демократијата го претворија во срам на демократијата! Нашата борба е против властодршците кои секојдневно го злоупотребуваат името Македонија за лични, фамилијарни и партиски интереси. Нашата борба е против божемните борци за името и идентитетот кои им даваат аргументи на грчките националисти, а нас не прават заробеници на омразата кон сите Грци. Тоа се истите „борци” кои се појавуваат како грчки сведоци во судски пресуди против нашата држава, а милионските казни ги плаќаме сите ние.
Драги сограѓани и сограѓанки,
Ние не сме наивни! Не пиеме „грчка” нафта ниту пиеме „шведско” млеко од домашни крави! Знаеме што сакаме, а што не сакаме. И имаме право да се бориме против сите што ја оневозможуваат нашата интеграција во ЕУ.
Не сакаме изолирана и провинцијализирана Македонија! Сакаме држава во која ќе владее правото, а не самоволието на партиските деспоти. Сакаме држава во која граѓаните и граѓанките ќе можат слободно да избираат и да бидат избирани без страв дека ќе ги погоди куршум на гласачкото место.
Не сакаме држава во која буџетските средства се трошат за партиско рекламирање и за манипулирање со јавноста, а не за решавање на проблемите на граѓаните. Доста ни е од корумпирани газди на медиуми и преплашени новинари послушници. Доста ни е од партиски мегафони кои не трујат со теории на заговори, секојдневно јадат бурек и, во името на народот, коленичат пред „пастирот”. Не сакаме да плаќаме приредба во 100 чекори ниту преродба во 100 кампањи! Не сакаме буџетот на тајната полиција да биде поголем од буџетот за намалување на сиромаштијата и невработеноста. Не сакаме јавна администрација која наместо на граѓаните им служи на партиските врхушки. Не сакаме културна политика сведена на инструмент за политичка манипулација и националистичка демагогија. Не сакаме наместо метропола на културата Скопје да биде некропола на кичот!
Почитувани сограѓани и сограѓанки,
Не заслужуваме политичари за кои младите, студентите, земјоделците, стечајците и пензионерите се само „целни групи”. Не заслужуваме да живееме во страв од „арачот” со кој драконски се казнуваат дребни прекршувања на јавниот ред и мир. Не заслужуваме власт на која и аплаудираат ѓоамити невладини здруженија финансирани од власта. Не заслужуваме власт која пред камери сади дрвца кои не фаќаат корен и не пуштаат лисја. Не заслужуваме камери во болниците ни болнички соби кои не ги исполнуваат ниту затворските стандарди. Не сакаме власт која ни влегува во спалните соби и ги дели жените на „чедоморки” и „живоротки”.
Не ни треба власт која арчи десетици милиони евра на спотови и споменици за да не убеди дека не сме тие што сме и дека ќе бидеме она што власта мисли дека треба да бидеме. Не ни треба власт која зборува за национално единство, а создава нови национални и верски расколи. Не ни треба власт зад чие родољубие се крие себељубие, слабољубие, среброљубие и властољубие.
Почитувани граѓани и граѓанки на Европска Македонија!
Нашата борба е борба за граѓанско единство изградено врз принципи кои ги надминуваат етничките страсти. Нашата борба е за демократско општество, во кое носител на суверенитетот ќе биде граѓанинот, а не етничките, верските и партиските колективитети контролирани од вождови. Тие владеат со нас така што наместо да градат мостови - копаат јазови.
Со срце и со ум придружете ни се на походот кон Европска Македонија!
Да живее Европска Македонија!

Wednesday, July 15, 2009

Едноумие врз основа на безумие

Едноумие врз основа на безумие
Главен аргумент зошто да бидат избрани на кандидативе за градоначалници од ДПМНЕ е затоа што ќе имале одлична соработка со централната власт. Некои одат до таму што ни кажуваат да се пазиме за кого ќе гласаме затоа што локалната власт била зависна од централната власт. Од ова произлегуваат неколку работи:
• Партијата на власт гради едноумие врз основа на безумие (сака да биде и централна и локална власт злоупотребувајќи ја позицијата на власт на централно ниво. Да е ниет Грујо ќе се прогласи за божество за полубог)
• Минирање на процесот на децентрализација (функционална децентрализација е еден од условите за влез во ЕУ)
• Програмата на овие кандидати е правена од страна на владата и визијата за градовите на кандидатите за градоначалници е визија на премиерот е не нивна. Уште не сфатив што имаат кандидативе на ДПМНЕ визија или програма или можеби имаат визионерска програма. Треба да разликуваат визија од реална алокација на средства за исполнување на нужностите кои ги тиштат општините. И Да Винчи имал визија за хеликоптер ама не можел да ја оствари затоа што околностите не дозволувале.
• Ова е директно го загрозува изборниот процес и го прави нефер и недемократски. Ова е класична корупција на изборниот систем. Секој правен промет изнуден под измама, уцена или заблуда е ништовен.
• Ова однесување покажува дека кандидатите за гладоначалници на ДПМНЕ немале што да понудат освен папочна врска со централната власт. Едно прашање до сите нив: Што кога централната власт ќе се смени? Ќе си поднесете оставка?

Кога робот стана робовладател

Гладна кокошка просо сонува. По логиката на оваа народна мудрост би требало робот да сонува слобода. Меѓутоа повистинито е тврдењето дека робот не сонува слобода, туку сонува да биде робовладател.
Денешното грубо кршење на правото на протест, а со тоа и на правото на слободна мисла и слободно изразување, преку група насилници кои според Пастирот спонтано се собрале, се докажува тврдењето дека робот сонува да стане робовладетел. Конечно на ДПМНЕ им се остварува сонот да бидат СДСМ.
Оние кои жестоко ја обвинуваа СДСМ за кршење на правата на протест преку донесување на идиотски закон, сега преку „спонтано“ собирање и се разбира уште „поспонтано“ удирање тупаници и туркање на девојки ја практикуваат слободата која ја освоија ослободувајќи се од својот робовладател.
Дури и оваа група на луѓе да била организира од СДСМ, дури и Заев лично да присуствувал на протестот, „спонтаниве“ кои патем „спонтано“ правеа и групи на Facebook со кои го најавуваа нивното собирање, немаа никакво право да ги замолкнуваат оние кои имаат споротивно мислење од нив. Обвинувањето од ДПМНЕ дека СДСМ го организирала сето тоа не ги оправдува насилниците. Тоа значи дека ДПМНЕ не дозволува политичко дејствување. Што е наредно да се прогласат за единствена партија во Македонија, а другите да ги укинат и пратат во илегала.
Најсмешното од се е што се најавени пријави за организаторите, а за овие насилнициве ништо. Ако организаторите се криви за лошо организиран и слабо обезбеден протест, тогаш овие „спонтаниве“ се криви најмалку за три работи:
1. предизвикување општ неред,
2. физички напад
3. и учество во толпа
Добар христијанин не користи насилство и пцости како што правеа „спонтаниве“. Уште една порака за „спонтаниве“ пред да ме обвинат дека сум соросоид, шиптар, героид, комуњар и така натаму, погледнете ги моите ставови што ги имам искажно преку овој блог за: црквата, крстот на водно, веронауката итн.

Wednesday, October 15, 2008


Međunarodni institut za bliskoistočne i balkanske studije (IFIMES) iz Ljubljane, pripremio je analizu aktuelne političke situacije u Makedoniji povodom priznanja nezavisnosti Republike Kosova i odbijanja najnovijeg kompromisnog prijedloga ambasadora Matthewa Nimitza o imenu „Republika Sjeverna Makedonija“. Iz opširne analize izdvajamo najvažnije i najzanimljivije dijelove.
Prijevremeni parlamentarni izbori u Makedoniji održani su 1.juna/lipnja 2008.godine. Sredinom oktobra protječe prvih 100 dana nove vlade (druge po redu) premijera Nikole Gruevskog (VMRO-DPMNE) sa novim albanskim partnerom Demokratskom unijom za integraciju (DUI/BDI). Iako je praksa, da „medeni mjesec“ za jednu vladu traje 100 dana, za vladu Gruevskog to traje već od jula/srpnja 2006.godine, kada je prvi put dobio izbore, tako da se slobodno može reći, da su to „medene godine“.
Makedonska opozicija odnosno Socijaldemokratska stranka (SDSM) poslije posljednjih prijevremenih parlamentarnih izbora, potpuno je poražena. SDSM je ostala i bez predsjednice Radmile Šekerinske, bivše potpredsjednice vlade za europske integracije u čije vrijeme je Makedonija, decembra/prosinca 2005.godine dobila status kandidata za članstvo u EU. To je promjena već drugog predsjednika SDSM u periodu manjem od četiri godine.
Ukoliko se uspoređuje nedavna prošlost odnosno kako je bilo prije jula/srpnja 2006.godine i kako je sada dvije i pol godine kasnije, Makedonija izgleda kao međunarodno veoma izolirana država. Poslije grčkog neprincipijelnog veta na članstvo Makedonije u NATO, Makedonija vjerojatno ni ovu, treću godinu po redu, neće dobiti pozitivan izvještaj za početak pregovora za punopravno članstvo u EU. Ako su za NATO bili „krivi“ Grci, za EU definitivno je kriva Makedonija, koja nije ispunila osam kriterija EU plus još jedan, deveti kriterij, kojeg je sama dodala, a to su bili prijevremeni izbori, koji su bili najlošiji i najnasilniji organizirani parlamentarni izbori do sada. Rezultati su poznati.
Poslije junskih/lipanjskih izbora, Gruevski je kao svog novog koalicionog partnera izabrao Demokratsku uniju za integraciju, umjesto Demokratske partije Albanaca (DPA/PDSh), koja je bila koalicioni partner Gruevskog u prve dvije godine njegove vladavine. Prema izbornom rezultatu, kojeg mnogi osporavaju zbog neregularnosti izbora, DUI s 18 poslaničkih mjesta u parlamentu, daje još komotniju poziciju Gruevskom za dvotrećinsku većinu i moć da radi što i kako hoće. Dominantnu poziciju Gruevski je iskoristio još u toku prvih 100 dana vladavine, donoseći „svjetlosnom brzinom“ preko 150 zakona u Parlamentu sa podrškom DUI, koji su se tokom glasanja ponašali kao da učestvuju u popularnom kvizu “tko želi biti milijunaš” – rubrika „brzi prsti“.
U toku ovih brzopoteznih glasanja prošlo je i nekoliko kontraverznih zakona, kao zakon o upotrebi albanskog jezika, zakon o energetici, zakon o lobiranju, poslovnik o radu parlamenta, koji je donesen bez učešća opozicije u parlamentu. Stranke opozicije su bojkotirale rad Parlamenta svaka zbog svojih razloga. DPA zbog nepriznavanja izbornog rezultata, a SDSM i koalicioni partneri zbog hapšenja popularnog gradonačelnika grada Strumica, sada aktualnog v.d. predsjednika SDSM Zorana Zaeva. U međuvremenu, SDSM vratila se u parlament, poslije abolicije Zaeva od strane predsjednika države Branka Crvenkovskog. DPA je bojkotirala rad parlamenta sve do priznanja Republike Kosovo 09.oktobra/listopada 2008.godine.
Ponovo su aktualizirana četiri haaška slučaja, koja su vraćena na rješavanje makedonskom pravosuđu. Tako je DUI ponovo u centru događanja, čija su dva poslanika otvaranjem ovih slučajeva „nastradali“. Zbog mira i sudjelovanja u koaliciji ukinut im je poslanički imunitet, tako da će se redovno pojavljivati na sudskim ročištima u vezi haaškog slučaja „Maltretiranje Mavrovskih radnika”, koji je ustupljen makedonskom pravosuđu. Drugi snažniji udar na DUI odnosi se na poslanika DUI Hisena Xhemailija (ujedno je i lider Mladog foruma DUI), koji mora da se javi u skopski zatvor na izdržavanje 30-dnevne zatvorske kazne. Međutim, problem je u tome, da Xhemaili nije dostupan pravosudnim organima. Policija ga traži ali ga još uvijek nije pronašla. Ali Ahmeti i DUI i dalje šute. Ahmeti odgovara, da ima pametnijeg posla nego da se bavi time gdje se skriva njihov poslanik. Predsjednik opozicione DPA Menduh Thaçi je u pravu kada kaže, da Ahmeti nema samo politički problem, već i moralni, jer ne može da sankcionira i izruči svoje ljude kao što je urađeno u slučaju “Maltretiranje Mavrovskih radnika”, a istovremeno zaboravljajući da postoji otvoren sudski slučaj “Rukovodstvo ONA”, gdje se Ahmeti nalazi prvi na listi. Da li će se Ahmeti predati pravosudnim organima, kad se otvori njegov predmet, kao što je ubijedio svoje suradnike, ostaje da se vidi.
A Demokratska unija za integraciju? DUI se ponašala i još uvijek se ponaša kao „uspavana ljepotica“. Jedina reakcija na ovakvo ponašanje vlade i parlamentarne većine t.j. VMRO-DPMNE bila je kolumna potpredsjednice DUI Teute Arifi, koja je na ilustrativan način opisala ponašanje Gruevskog nazivajući ga “Demokraturom”. Arifi u svojoj kolumni u skopskom dnevnom listu “Dnevnik” poručuje Gruevskom “da je ovakvo ponašanje, potrošilo DPA, možda potroši i DUI, ali sasvim je sigurno, da će da potroši i Republiku Makedoniju”. Poslije iznošenja tog stava DUI je ponovo zaspala, a Teute Arifi nema više u javnosti, da se tako snažno suprotstavi luzerskoj politici Gruevskove vlade. Gruevski u cijeloj priči, koja je povezana s koaliranjem sa DUI, podiže svoj rejting kod glasača-Makedonaca. Gruevski bi vjerojatno, da je znao, da će mu biti tako lako vladati sa DUI, sigurno još 2006.godine uzeo DUI u vladu. Gruevski je naučio lekciju, a da li će je naučiti i DUI još uvijek nije izvjesno. Analitičari smatraju, da je neučestvovanje DPA u aktualnoj vladi, sačuvalo stranku od potpunog marginaliziranja na političkoj sceni, kao što je u ovom slučaju izložena DUI. NEDOSTATAK POLITIČKE KULTURE
Početkom septembra/rujna na makedonskoj političkoj sceni rodila se nova politička partija Albanaca zvana “Demokracija e Re” (Nova Demokracija), na čijem je čelu bivši potpredsjednik DPA Imer Selmani. Njemu se priključilo još par bivših ministra iz DPA, koji su bili u prijašnjoj vladi. Prvi utisak je bio, da oni napuštaju partiju samo zato što su izgubili svoja ministarska mjesta poslije prelaska DPA u opoziciju. Prvih nekoliko dana izgledalo je, da se DPA raspada po svim šavovima, tri poslanika su je napustili, dva potpredsjednika i desetak općinskih ogranaka djelomično ili u cjelini. Poslije mjesec dana situacija je drugačija, to nije puno uzdrmalo DPA. Ono što je razočaravajuće u DPA je to, da se poslije odlaska ljudi oko Imera Selmanija, očekivalo, da DPA pokaže javnosti da ima nove, mlade i sposobne ljude, koji će partiji produžiti politički život. Umjesto toga DPA za potpredsjednika stranke, pored veterana stranke Iljaza Halimija, vraća Mevlana Tahirija, čovjeka, koji je u 17 godina političkog pluralizma prošetao kroz sve moguće albanske partije u Makedoniji, uključujući i DPA, koju je napustio posle parlamentarnih izbora 2006.godine i priključio se Bardhulu Mahmutiju i njegovoj BDSh (Demokratska Unija Albanaca), zbog istih razloga kao i Selmani i njegova ekipa. Na izborima 2008 BDSh nije osvojila ni jedan procent glasova. Tri mjeseca kasnije, Mevlan Tahiri dolazi na mjesto potpredsjednika DPA, koja je ovim potezom pokazala da nema (ili ih ne vidi) novih ljudi u stranci.
A „Nova Demokracija“ još se etablira, vrijeme će pokazati, dali je formirana da bude samo u vladi kao supstitut DPA ili će da ponudi realne političke i ekonomske ideje kao i dostignuća zapadne evropske političke kulture, koje partijama u Makedoniji (makedonski i albanskim) nedostaje.
Poslije odluke aktualnog predsjednika Makedonije Branka Crvenkovskog, da se neće kandidirati za drugi mandat za predsjednika države, počele su špekulacije oko toga, ali ne tako intenzivne, ko bi mogao biti kandidat vladajuće stranke i opozicije za predsjednika države. Crvenkovski će, poslije isteka mandata, najvjerojatnije preuzeti lidersku poziciju u SDSM.U javnosti se spominju neki od mogućih kandidata za predsjednika. Zoran Stavrevski, potpredsjednik Vlade i vjenčani kum premijera Gruevskog, bivši gradonačelnik Skopja Risto Penov iz redova opozicije, i Srgjan Kerim, donedavni predsjedavajući generalnom skupštinom UN-a. Kerima bi vjerojatno htjeli i jedni i drugi, a možda i Albanci. Kod Albanaca zasada nema nikakvih najava ko bi bili mogući kandidati za izbor predsjednika države.
Makedonija je konačno priznala Kosovo, i to dan poslije usvajanja srpske rezolucije u UN-u. Priznanje Kosova od Makedonije bio je dugo očekivani potez ne samo za Kosovo i Albance u Makedoniji već i SAD i neke druge zemlje članice EU. I sve se to desilo veoma brzo.
Po prvi put su albanske političke stranke u makedonskom Parlamentu (DUI, DPA i Nova Demokracija) zajednički nastupile i predložile rezoluciju, koju je Parlament usvojio kasno uvečer, a pola sata kasnije uslijedila je odluka vlade o priznanju. Pored drugih obrazloženja zašto je Makedonija priznala nezavisnost Kosova, stajalo je i to, da je Vlada prihvatila preporuku Parlamenta preko donesene rezolucije, da prizna nezavisnost Kosova. Opozicija je optužila vladu, da se za odlukom o priznanju Kosova skriva iza Parlamenta, jer sukladno Makedonskom ustavu i zakonu, Vlada je ta koja priznaje i uspostavlja diplomatske odnose sa drugim zemljama.
Prema informacijama Međunarodnog instituta IFIMES makedonska Vlada je već isti dan dok je još trajala debata o rezoluciji u Parlamentu, rano popodne donijela odluku da prizna Kosovo, ali sačekala je da Parlament usvoji Rezoluciju i poslije je objavila odluku o priznanju Kosova. IFIMES raspolaže pouzdanom informacijom, da točku dnevnog reda na sjednici Vlade na kojoj se odlučivalo o priznanju nezavisnosti Kosova, nije vodio premijer Nikola Gruevski, već zamjenik premijera za evropske integracije Ivica Bocevski. Navodno premijer Gruevski nije htio, da vodi sjednicu, sa obrazloženjem da ima druge obaveze. Ova informacija pokazuje, da Makedonska vlada nije namjeravala, da uskoro prizna Republiku Kosovo, ali očigledno nije mogla izdržati vanjskopolitički pritisak, što je bilo za očekivati. Ovaj slučaj pokazuje, da Makedonija funkcionira samo pod pritiskom i nikako drukčije. Makedonija je sebe dovela u situaciju, da zbog međunarodnog političkog pritiska prizna nezavisnost Kosova, a ne zbog toga što je Kosovo politička realnost na Balkanu i da je priznavanje nezavisnosti Kosova u interesu Makedonije i regionalne stabilnosti. Tako je i DPA prekinula bojkot i vratila se u Parlament.
Analitičari smatraju, da je Gruevski ne učestvovanjem prilikom donošenja odluke o priznanju Kosova još jednom ponizio, prije svega, svog koalicionog partnera DUI i njenog lidera Ali Ahmetija što ilustrativno govori kakav položaj u aktualnoj koaliciji ima DUI.
Međunarodni institut IFIMES ocjenjuje, da Makedoniju u narednom periodu čeka prilično teško razdoblje na političkom, prije svega vanjskopolitičkom i ekonomskom planu. Najnoviji paket prijedloga ambasadora Matthewa Nimitza za rješavanje spora sa Grčkom ne ulijeva nadu da će se to brzo završiti, posebno poslije odbijanja prijedloga od premijera Gruevskog. Da li će Makedonija konačno zaploviti u mirnije i stabilnije vode, zavisi od političkog vodstva, koje je prema bitnim nacionalnim i državnim pitanjima toliko razjedinjeno, da to ide samo na štetu Republike Makedonije. Priznanje Kosova je prvi korak ka tom stabilnom putu. Slijedeći korak bi bio konačno zatvaranje neracionalnog spora sa Grčkom. Predsjednički i lokalni izbori, koji su predviđeni za narednu godine, dodatno će zagrijati makedonsku političku scenu.

Sunday, May 11, 2008

ИЗБОРИ...Што да очекува обичниот човек?

Дали е обичниот човек само обичен смртник, зависен од програмите на политичките елити..?
Дали е државата семоќна во решавањето на сите економски проблеми..?
Што впрочем треба да бараме од луѓето кои ја водат државата..?
Сосема природно, на секој човек му е најбитна личната судбина и судбината на неговите најблиски. Тој проблем е поголем и поважен од било која кампања, изборен слоган или политичка програма. Ваквото созревање, можеби малку задоцнето, но е сепак се почесто во размислувањата на нашите луѓе, и комплетно се поклопува со филозофската водилка на западните земји, според која “секој човек е најзаслужен за сопствениот социјален и материјален статус“.
Ако е тоа така, тогаш што да се очекува од луѓето кои го бараат нашиот глас? Што да се очекува од оние кои бараат мандат да владеат во наредните 4 години?
Пред се овозможување на поголеми слободи за поединецот. Ако е тој главен креатор на сопствената судбина, но пред се на сопствениот социјален статус, тогаш државата треба да му се тргне од тој пат, а не да го ограничува со регулативи и високи давачки. Погубниот податок дека над 60% од вкупниот приход во фирмите завршува во државната каса, е многу обесхрабрувачки. Во високо развиените земји таквите давачки се 30-35%, а Македонија доколку сериозно сака развој мора да одзема помалку од нив, а не двојно повеќе. Не може државниот буџет да служи како гаранција за нечии општествен статус.
Затоа обичниот човек, граѓанинот, потребно е да побара три вида на радикални реформи кои ќе се случат во што е можно пократок рок:
1. Длабоки реформи во правосудниот систем:
Кога на било кој човек денес ќе му спомнете суд, тоа го потсетува на нешто ИЗВОНРЕДНО комплицирано, долготрајно, но пред се скапо и далечно. Имајќи ги во предвид сите видови влијанија во нашиот правосуден систем, но пред се неговата неефикасност.
Правна држава, во вистинска смисла на зборот, значи буквално обратно...забрзување на самите процедури, и конечна победа на непотизмот, политиката и корупцијата во судството. Неопходно е воведување на т.н Валутен Борд, што подразбира дека луѓе од ММФ и Светска Банка би ја контролирале јавната потрошувачка, издвојувањето пари за сите тендери, јавни набавки и комплетна контрола врз трошењето на државните пари. Тоа е најдокажан инструмент во борбата против корупцијата.
2. Радикално намалување на државната потрошувачка:
Ако сегашните 60% државна потрошувачка, се намалат на 30-35% (како во развиените земји), тогаш државниот буџет нема да изнесува 2,2 милијарди евра, туку скоро двојно помалку. Тоа пак би значело приближно 1 милијарда евра повеќе за македонските компании и за граѓаните...ГОДИШНО! Тоа понатаму значи помалку давачки за било кој бизнис, поконкурентно производство на странските пазари, реално зголемена побарувачка на нашето производство и реално зголемена вработеност во услови кога производството расте.
Говориме за реални параметри, за пари кои реално постојат и секоја година се трошат. Не говориме за “возможни инвестиции“ кои можеби би дошле, а можеби и не(како проектот Тајван).
Говорам за нешто што го има.
3. Потполна и апсолутна либерализација на економијата и на капиталните текови:
Најнапред, потребна е комплетна либерализација на надворешната трговија. Тоа значи дека Македонија, без разлика на односите со било која земја, еднострано би ги укинала сите царини и бесцарински бариери. Тоа би овозможило далеку поевтини производи од увоз, но и уште поевтини репроматеријали и суровини за нашето производство и негова уште поголема конкурентност на странските пазари. Беспредметни се стравувањата од трговски дефицит, со радикално кратење на даноците, нашето производство би станало далеку побарано на странските пазари и неговиот раст брзо би го амортизирал евентуалниот трговски дефицит.
Понатаму, потребна е либерализација на капиталните текови, односно максимално слободно внесување на било која заработка од надвор, како и максимално слободно изнесување на било која заработка вон Македонија. На народната банка треба да и се одземе дискреционото право да дава лиценци на странски банки, и со тоа да се овозможи слободен влез на било која странска банка.
Непријатна вистина за сите нас е дека сме општество кое многу повеќе троши одколку што произведува. Затоа мораме да сфатиме дека економскиот прогрес не подразбира никаква “правилна прераспределба на доходот“ туку создавање и привлекување на што е можно повеќе нов капитал. Притоа, несмее да се осудува профитот како мотив без разлика на неговата висина. Само во услови на такви економски слободи можеме да се надеваме на нови инвеститори, кои континуирано ќе отвораат работни места, поскапувајќи ја цената на работната рака и зголемувајки го животниот стандард. Само на тој начин можеме да очекуваме зголемување на доходот по жител и реални шанси да обичниот човек конечно стане сопственик, било на зголемена заштеда, приватно пензиско осигурување, вложување во хартии од вредност на берза и слични други херматистички појави кои од обичниот човек создаваат инвеститор.
Ваквото барање мора да биде најсилно и најгласно на било кои наредни парламентарни избори!
Економската перспектива на Македонија е ограничена од деструктивното верување дека државата е семоќен инструмент во решавањето на проблемите на обичниот човек. Таквата идеја е водена од квази-интелектуалци, кои се присутни во сите политички партии. Малобројните исклучоци кои во последно време се појавуваат мора да бидат подржани со сите сили. Во спротивно, социјалната идеја дополнително ќе не влече надолу, низ бесконечни шеми и комбинаторики, низ безбројни политичко-економски експерименти кои би се спроведувале со нашите пари.
На песимизмот мора да му се стави крај, и да се подржат сите оние кои ќе ни понудат економски слободи во вистинска смисла на зборот.

Tuesday, March 11, 2008

Republic of Macedonia - Accession partnership

The Council adopted a regulation amending regulation 533/2004 on the establishment of
partnerships in the framework of the stabilisation and association process for the Western Balkans
The regulation is amended following the decision of the European Council in December 2005 to
grant the status of candidate country to the Republic of Macedonia.
Consequently, the name of the partnership with Republic of Macedonia will be changed from "European partnership" to "accession partnership".

Thursday, March 06, 2008

Towards visa-free travel

The Commission is launching a dialogue with each of the Western Balkan countries on visa liberalisation. It will soon propose road-maps outlining conditions to be met before the visa obligation can be lifted.
Visa facilitation agreements
Citizens of the Western Balkan countries, except Croatia, still need visas to enter the EU.
As a first step towards visa liberalisation, the Commission has concluded visa facilitation agreements with the Western Balkan countries. These agreements entered into force on 1 January 2008, together with respective readmission agreements[2].
The visa facilitation agreements substantially improve the conditions for obtaining visas for travel to the EU: they maintain a reduced visa fee (€35 instead of €60, presently required for citizens of third countries) and exempt broad categories of persons (e.g. students and pensioners) from these fees. They set time-limits for issuing a visa (normally 10 days). In addition, they simplify and clarify the procedures for issuing visas to certain categories of persons (e.g. business people, students, journalists). Frequent travellers will be granted multi-entry visas with long periods of validity. Holders of diplomatic passports are exempt from the visa obligation.
Visa liberalisation dialogue
The Commission is launching dialogues with the Western Balkan countries in order to establish road-maps on the conditions to be met for lifting the visa requirement. The dialogue with Serbia started in January, with the Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro in February. With Albania the dialogue will start in March and Bosnia and Herzegovina will follow.
Four key issues will be covered in the roadmaps: document security, illegal migration, public order and security, as well as external relations. The road-maps will be drawn up by the Commission in consultation with the Council and the Western Balkan countries. They will be tailor made to allow each country to focus reform efforts and address the EU’s requirements. The Commission intends to finalise the road-maps as soon as possible.
The speed of movement towards visa liberalisation will depend on each country's progress in fulfilling the benchmarks. For the whole process, the countries' capacity to ensure correct and effective implementation of the visa facilitation and readmission agreements will also be taken into consideration. The Commission will provide financial and technical assistance to support implementation of the road-maps.
The Commission and the Council will closely monitor progress in the relevant reforms. Once the conditions have been fulfilled, the Commission will propose to the Council the lifting of the respective visa obligation, by amending Council Regulation 539/2001[3].
[1] Fact sheet for the Commission Communication: "Western Balkans: enhancing the European perspective" See IP 378
[2] A readmission agreement with Albania has been in force since May 2006.
[3] Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 of 15 March 2001 listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement (OJ L 81, 21.3.2001).

Monday, January 21, 2008

Излезот на Никола Груевски

Младиот и динамичен премиер на Македонија, Никола Груевски, штотуку ја издаде својата магистерска теза во облик на книга со наслов „Излезот”. Во една поранешна книга напишана заедно со коавторот на освртот на ова издание, а под наслов „Македонија на крстопат” (1998), Груевски ги изложува истите теми и сугерира слични решенија. Она што изненадува е фактот што неговата претходна книга не се споменува никаде во новото издание, а впрочем интересно е и откритието дека Груевски ја имал истата визија за Македонија уште во 1998 г. И токму тука лежи изворот на моето несогласување со дел од неговиот труд: во изминативе десет години, светот се промени, а економските истражувања напреднаа. Македонија не е позната како бастион на економски студии. Повеќето македонски професори се образовале и ја стекнале својата пракса за време на социјалистичкиот режим на Тито и за нив транзицијата кон капитализам е прилично збунувачка. Многумина од нив не зборуваат ни англиски. Токму затоа, Груевски успеал да произведе еден сеопфатен, образовен и провокативен осврт на темите кои се разработуваат во неговиот труд. Книгата на Груевски е и повеќе од соодветна и може да се носи со голем број учебници, но само како вовед во темата за странски директни инвестиции и нивната улога во новите транзициски економии во развој.Но, по с$ изгледа дека двата столба кои треба да го претставуваат излезот за македонската економија се прилично нестабилни. Македонија не може да се споредува со Ирска, со Сингапур, па дури ниту со Романија ни со Полска. Овие земји имаат предности за кои Македонија може само да сонува: блискост до мегапазари, познавање странски јазици, многу повеќе домашно население... Нивното искуство е неприменливо во Македонија која е затворена со копно од сите страни, со слабо државно уредување и ксенофобично и недоволно образовано население.Уште поважна е тоа што улогата на странските директни инвестиции (СДИ) во промовирање на растот и одржливиот развој никогаш не била потврдена. Не постои дури ниту прецизна дефиниција за таквата појава. Во повеќето земји во развој, други приливи на капитал, како на пример назнаки од странство, а не СДИ и ОРП (официјална развојна помош) се поголеми и се сметаат за посигурни. Неколку студии покажуваат дека домашните инвестициски проекти имаат покорисни (трицкле-доњн) ефекти за локалните економии. Така, близу две третини од СДИ се лоцирани кај богатите земји, и тоа во облик на спојувања и припојувања (мерџери и аквизиции - М и А). С$ на с$, СДИ претставуваат едвај 2% од глобалниот бруто-домашен пприход (БДП).СДИ не би можеле автоматски да се претстават како нето-прилив на девизи. За почетокот, многу мултинационални и транснационални „инвеститори” позајмуваат пари локално со поволни камати и на тој начин ги финансираат своите проекти. Ова претставува нефер конкуренција со локалните компании и го исфрла домашниот приватен сектор од пазарите за кредитирање, дислоцирајќи ги ивестициите во процесот. Многу транснационални корпорации се нето-конзументи на заштеди кои ги празнат локалните резервоари, оставајќи ги другите претприемачи самите на себе. Во тој поглед, во процесот на распределба на финансиите и странските банки се понаклонети и повеќе се грижат за потребите на понеризичните сегменти на бизнис-сцената (читај: странските инвеститори).Згора на тоа, колку е попрофитабилен проектот, толку е помал и нето-приливот на странски финансии. Во некои земји во развој, профитот кој си го повратиле „мултинационалците”, ја надминува сумата на вкупните СДИ. Овој непријатен исход уште повеќе го влошуваат исплатите на каматите во случаите каде инвестициите се финансираат со долгови, или пак други давачки, како на пример одлив на хонорари, дивиденди и разни такси. Да не го споменуваме тука и „звукот на цицањето” кој го произведуваат некои квазилегални практики, како на пример трансферно одредување цени и слични „мутации” на креативното сметководство.Повеќето земји во развој повеќе немаат потреба од странски пари. „Земјите од третиот и четвртиот свет” контролираат три четвртини од глобалните девизни резерви. „Сиромашните” (Југот) сега им позајмуваат на богатите (Северот) и се наоѓаат во позавидна положба од нето-кредиторите. На Западот му пресушуваат резервите на заштеда од Југот и од Истокот, најмногу со цел да ја финансира незаситната потрошувачка на своите жители, како и разните домашни капитални балони.Сепак, како што би ви одговорил секој студент на прва година по економија, СДИ не се однесуваат само на девизите. Тие го поттикнуваат трансферот на менаџерски вештини, интелектуална сопственост и технологија, креираат работни места и го подобруваат квалитетот на призведените стоки и услуги. И пред с$, го промовираат извозниот сектор.. Сево ова е повеќе или помалку точно. Поддржувачите на СДИ си ги остваруваат своите цели, додека СДИ не ги поттикнуваат, туку само ги следат растот и стабилноста. Странските инвеститори ги привлекуваат приказни за успех и тие се насочуваат кон замји кои се веќе развиени, политички стабилни и со значителна набавна моќ. Странските инвеститори си заминуваат веднаш штом почувствуваат или видат и најмал знак на закана, немир или намалено богатство. Во тој поглед, подеднакво тешко можеме да се потпреме и на СДИ. Студиите покажале како мултинационалните компании побрзале да си ја повратат заработувачката и да ги вратат заемите штом има и најмал предзнак за неволја. Поради сево ова, можеме да речеме дека СДИ се делумно проциклични/периодични. Што станува тогаш со вработувањето? Дали СДИ се вистинскиот лек кој го бараме?Секако не. Странските проекти се капитално-интензивни и трудово-ефикасни. Странците инвестираат во машинерија и интелектуална сопственост, но не во плати. Вештите работници добиваат плати кои се прилично повисоки од домашниот просек, а сите други заслабнуваат. Повеќето мултинационални компании ангажираат изведувачи кои, за да си ја завршат работата, честопати носат работници од различни континенти. Домашното население ретко профитира, а дури и откако и кога тоа ќе најде вработување, тоа е привремено и лошо платено. М и А, кои, ако се сеќавате, сочинуваат 60-70 % од сите СДИ, се познати по суровото генерирање „загуба” на работни места.Во крајна линија, СДИ го поткрепуваат владиниот буџет, но во земјите во развој каде без исклучок владее „клептократија”, повеќето од парите исчезнуваат во длабоките џебови, во мрсните дланки или на сметките на швајцарските банки. Таквиот „придонес” на и онака осиромашената економија, најчесто доведува до надувување на капиталните балони (најчесто во облик на недвижен имот) и до продолжување на неодржливиот и опасен подем, по кој ќе следуваат болни падови

Friday, December 21, 2007

The Republic of Macedonia must accelerate the pace of reform

Internal political tensions in 2007 have diverted the Republic of Macedonia's political institutions away from the priorities of European integration and delayed reform, according to EU foreign affairs ministers at their December 10 General Affairs and External Relations Council. The Council encouraged all political parties to deepen political dialogue and cooperation, especially on interethnic relations, so as to be able to move ahead in the EU accession process.
Reforms should be speeded up in judicial and public administration and in the fight against corruption, and police reform should be implemented faster. Unemployment and the general business environment also needed attention, said EU ministers. The Council also issued an appeal to the Government to "make renewed efforts, with a constructive approach, to find a negotiated and mutually acceptable solution on the name issue with Greece, under the auspices of the UN, thereby contributing to regional cooperation and good neighbourly relations."
The EU-the Republic of Macedonia Joint Parliamentary Committee, meeting in Brussels on 26-27 November called for accession negotiations to start as soon as possible, and encouraged the government, the opposition and all the stakeholders in the Republic of Macedonia to do their utmost to carry out the necessary reforms to fulfil the necessary criteria. Among its other conclusions, it noted "the difficulties faced by citizens of the Macedonia due to the non-recognition by Greece of its passports, and the situation linked with the name issue; calls on both parties to honour commitments as outlined in the Joint Declaration annexed to the text of the EC-the Macedonia Visa Facilitation Agreement to re-assess the issue, as a matter of priority".
The EU is to abolish as from 1 January 2008 a double-checking system on imports of steel products from the Republic of Macedonia.

Wednesday, November 07, 2007

Тhe Report of the European Commission оn the progress of Macedonia Published

Today in Brussels, the European Commission published the Report on the Progress of the Republic of Macedonia achieved in 2007. In addition to the report two more documents have been published, as well - Accession Partnership (previously – European Partnership) and Enlargement Strategy 2007.
Through the Report, the European Commission monitors and assesses the progress made by the Republic of Macedonia in the previous year. In the Accession Partnership, the European Commission gives recommendations for the upcoming reforms. The Enlargement Strategy is a document which EU enlargement policy is explained.
On the following links you can find the declared documents:
European Commission Progress report on the Republic of Macedonia 2007
Council decision on the principles, priorities and conditions contained in the Accession Partnership with the Republic of Macedonia and repealing Decision 2006/57/EC
Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2007-2008

Tuesday, October 16, 2007

Eastern Europe risks never catching up with western states

Central and Eastern Europe states are in danger of never catching up with Western Europe, as the long term economic growth potential in the region is undermined by a widening human capital gap with the west of the continent, a report has warned.

The report – called the European Human Capital Index – ranked eastern EU members and candidates on their ability to develop and sustain their human capital, and was released by the Brussels-based Lisbon Council think tank on Monday (15 October).
Since the collapse of communism, economic growth in the former communist states is far above growth seen elsewhere on the continent, narrowing the difference in economic wealth between the two halves of the continent.

But researchers now fear that a continuation of this performance is unlikely, unless certain problems are urgently addressed.

"The entire study shows a closing of the gap in the last 15 years, but now it could widen again," Peer Ederer, the lead author of the study warned during the report's presentation.

"An economy does no longer only have to be efficiency-driven. If you want to be able to compete with Western Europe and Asia, you have to become an innovation-driven economy," he said later on.

In particular, the report highlights the region's shrinking population, continuous brain-drain, chronically high unemployment and inadequate investment in education and skills - especially in workers aged 45 or more – as the main problems.

"Stop early retirement schemes, reduce unemployment, stimulate part-time employment. Keep them in the job, get them in the job, in every way possible," Dr Ederer said.

"The demographic outlook is [also] not good," he added. "In Eastern Europe, you can find the lowest birth rates, basically in each of these countries. (...) Combine the demographic data with the brain-drain that continues to happen, and you have a very bleak picture."

The report also criticises Eastern European policy makers for failing to invest in people older than 45 years – about one-thirds of the population, thereby creating a "lost generation".

Examining the school systems, the report praised central and eastern European countries, but warned that they are still far away from the best.

"Secondary schooling systems are more or less on par with Western Europe, but when compared to [South] Korea and Finland, most Western European countries should also perform better."

Still a chance
The EU members that are doing well – Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Estonia and Lithuania – still have a small chance of achieving Western standards of living within the next two decades, according to the report.

Slovenia is roughly on a par with Greece, Italy and Portugal, which were measured in a similar report last year.

But the members that trail the index' ranking – Slovakia, Bulgaria and Poland – are likely to remain stuck in relative poverty for a very long time when compared to the EU average.

Turkey, a candidate member, is the only country with a young and growing population, something which could, according to the authors, play a key role in addressing Europe's human capital needs.

They mentioned that by 2050, an estimated 19% of the European active workforce would be Turkish, almost equal to the working population of all other Mediterranean countries taken together.

Croatia, another candidate member, trails the list, just behind Bulgaria and Poland.

Human capital is considered an important factor in determining whether the EU will become a knowledge-based economy, an economic goal it has set itself.

Friday, October 12, 2007

Small Business Ideas

Small Business Ideas You Can Run From Home
If you have a desire to start a home-based business, you’re part of a growing trend. As a matter of fact, one commonly cited statistic is that a home-based business is started every 11 seconds. As of the year 2000, there were 28.3 million home based businesses in the United States, up 2.1 million over 1999. Home-based businesses tend to have a higher than average survival rate as well, and of course, nothing beats the convenience of working from home.
You’re convinced—so where do you start?
What is the best home-based business?
The answer, of course, is that it depends. What are your particular talents and strengths? Many home-based small business owners got their start by leveraging an existing hobby into a business.
This is probably the best approach, so you would do well at the start to take stock of your talents, abilities and resources, and ask if there some way you can profit from these. With a slew of “home-based business ideas”, you will find that most of them generally break down into three categories: craft, professional and service.

Do you like working with your hands?
If so, you might like craft type businesses where you can create products or services that people can use. Some examples would be chimney sweeps or upholstery services, both of which are easily operated from home.

Janitorial services can be run from home as well, and a few corporate clients can get you enough monthly business to net you a decent income. Another lucrative line of work would be a home inspection service. You would need to study to obtain credentials as a home inspector, but you could earn a lot of money, and the overhead is fairly minimal.
Professional businesses run the gamut from computer programmer, desktop publisher, graphic designer, video service, etc. In short, anything that demands the use of a computer to deliver an informational product or service to the end user.
This would certainly include income tax preparation, resume writing and public relations as well. If you’re more of the intellectual and creative type, and you have good computer skills, this might be up your alley. You might even want to pursue one popular business nowadays—set up your own online Ebay store. You could, for example, set up an export business in this manner.
By having a presence on Ebay, you’ll have truckloads of eager buyers who will be willing to bid on your goods. You won’t need to worry about how to attract “traffic” to your online shop—as you would if you had your own separate web site. With Ebay, the traffic is there, from all over the world! It’s just a matter of having the right goods to sell.
Do you like working with people, and helping them out any way that you can? You might want to consider service businesses. These would include popular staples in this variety like a food catering service, which you could easily begin and advertise by word of mouth. You might also consider childcare services if you enjoy taking care of children.
To do so, you should first contact state and local governments to find out the requirements in your area. Another good source to consult is the National Association for Family Childcare. If you fancy yourself good at sales, you might want to consider becoming a sales representative. Selling is not for everyone, but sales reps are one of the most popular home-based businesses in the United States.
You will be working to sell on behalf of a manufacturer or wholesaler. Begin by examining your current list of contacts. If you know professionals in a certain industry, you can find out what products or services they need and then help them obtain them. Again, selling is not for everyone, but if you’re serious, begin by reading some good books on sales.
For further information on becoming a sales representative, contact the Manufacturers Agents National Association.
Do what you love, and the money will follow. This adage is as true as ever when it comes to a home-based business. Technology has made starting your own home-based businesses more convenient and lucrative than ever. Honestly appraise your strengths and personal qualities, and you will be sure to find your perfect niche.
Small Business Ideas For Cash
Most budding entrepreneurs who want to start their own business find it hard if not impossible to get a government grant (United Kingdom) or (Small business loan (USA), however, if you live in Moscow chances are you'll be paid for your small business ideas.
Apparently Moscow's ageing small business entrepreneurs is a concern to City Hall and to address the problem they have approved a program to give 20,000 young entrepreneurs the opportunity to start their own businesses. This will be supported by sponsorship events.
Moscow's City Hall has set aside $4.7 million over three years to fund the small business ideas initiative.
If your have a business idea and you happen to live in Moscow consider yourself lucky to be in a position to be paid to start your own business – this opportunity is rare in the UK and USA.
See this small business idea article for more information.
UK Entrepreneurs With Flair Are USA Bound To Develop Their Business Ideas
tudents that exhibit entrepreneurial flair are to be sent to the USA to make the most of their business ideas at the expense of British taxpayers.
Under the plan that was announced by the Chancellor Gordon Brown, the government wants to add summer schools for budding entrepreneurs to the requirement that children should receive five days a year of education that promotes entrepreneurialism.
Enterprise teaching in schools, which is backed with £60m of funding from the department of Education, was introduced to encourage young people to act on their business ideas. However, head teachers are concerned because they cannot see how they can fit the subject of entrepreneurialism into an already busy curriculum. They are also concerned about the lack entrepreneurial skills among teachers to adequately teach the subject.
How Do You Teach Students To Be Entrepreneurs?
Teaching students to be entrepreneurs in a traditional school setting that is more concerned about teaching to pass exams and working for an organization instead of working for yourself poses many challenges.
Heads, Teachers and Industry, an organization that builds business links with education, said many schools lacked the skills and knowledge to put the plan into action. HTI is launching a scheme for business people to be seconded for five days to help with enterprise programmers in schools.
Anne Evans, chief executive of HTI, said: "young people can be put off by business as they see it as boring but at the same time they think IPods are exciting. We need to demonstrate to young people that business is not just about figures but also the products and services they use everyday. It's about motivation rather than teaching them about profit and loss."
It is crystal clear that neither the government nor teachers have the slightest notion about what it takes to be an entrepreneur. For a start, let's forget the term entrepreneurialism because it's meaning is not helpful to the nuts and bolts of starting a business and successfully steering that business through the ups and downs of real life challenges where you learn to survive on a daily basis.
Learning to be an entrepreneur by reading books written by academics who have never been in business, who have never sold anything "door-to-door, nose-to-nose and toes-to-toes" is completely useless; a complete waste of time and good taxpayer's money.
So How Can You Teach Students To Be Take Risks And Be Entrepreneurs?
Learning from books written by entrepreneurs who have been successful at starting and running their own business can help as well being mentored by these same entrepreneurs. Encouraging and assisting entrepreneurs with their ideas can also help as this puts the onus of success on the budding entrepreneur. This is where the seeds of business ideas can germinate and with some watering, can develop into viable businesses.
Networking with other entrepreneurs is a MUST if you want to leverage your time and resource. This is an area that entrepreneurs cannot learn is the classroom. Yet, this area alone can make a massive difference to anyone in business, particularly small businesses.
Finally, we get down to the heart of what drives entrepreneurs and individuals wanting to be in business for themselves rather that opting for the safer less stressful option of working for a company in a paid job. What motivates some people to take risk and start their own business is a question that has different answers, depending on the entrepreneur you pose the question to.
If the government and schools want to really encourage young people to be entrepreneurs then they should first seek out entrepreneurs of all colours and backgrounds and get then to set the curriculum and provide the framework. That's what I would do if I wanted to foster entrepreneurialism among young British students.
What do you think?

Stress Management As A Small Business Idea
Stress management or stress relief is a highly searched keyword and therefore presents opportunities for small business entrepreneurs who are looking for small business ideas.
Search any of the major search engines and you'll find many searches around the keyword "stress management", "stress relief" and hundreds of other keywords, all related to people who are searching for information and ultimately solutions that are stress related.
Also consider this article on "Fear of stress discourages would-be entrepreneurs" . Based on a survey carried out in London, the majority of young Londoners would rather work at a paid job than start a business because of their fear of stress.
Imagine, if stress is such a major concern, it also offers opportunities for small business entrepreneurs who are savvy enough to spot an opportunity. Instead of reinventing the wheel in coming up with products and services that have not been tried and tested, here we have a ready market with tons of potential customers who are already looking for information on stress management and stress relief, plus going by the survey carried out by YouGov of young Londoners, the market can be segmented into different niches.
All it takes is to carry out research into the causes of stress, how to relieve and prevent the causes stress and to develop products (home study courses, videos, CDs, stress relieving music and audio, etc) that solves the needs of an already hungry market.

I hope this brief article will act as a stimulus and that you can see the possibilities of starting a business with this one small business idea.
Small Business Ideas For The Future
Two small business ideas based on new trends that small business entrepreneurs can profit from.

Small Business Idea #1
I was interested to read a survey by the research company DBM who were asked to look at which professional jobs or small businesses ideas are likely to be in greatest demand in the next ten years.
The survey appeared in Fortune magazine in March 2005 and here are the conclusions:
1. The greatest increase in demand by far will be for people who know how to clean up 'spaceship earth'. This is because an increasingly healthy-conscious public is eager to find environmental engineers who can prevent problems rather than simply control those that already exist. Indeed, it is anticipated that over the demand for environmental engineers will grow by at least 50%.
2. The next key area of growth is anticipated to be network systems and data com analysts followed by personal financial advisors.
3. Number eight on the list was PR Specialists.
If you are trying to decide what small business to start, it might well be worth your while to have a look at this survey. If there's going to be a demand for environmental engineers, there is also going to be demand for the businesses that employ them.

Small Business Idea #2
Starting A Business Based On New Trends
Speaking of new trends, when you get a moment why not check out a company called NatureWorks based in Nebraska?
The company runs a factory that can produce 300 million pounds of a polymer called Gylatic acid, derived from bacteria that feed on corn kernels. What is so big about this? Poly-lactic acid is basically a biodegradable corn plastic that degrades, within weeks, into water and carbon dioxide in the humid, 140 degrees heat of a compressed landfill site.
With escalating oil prices, corn plastic is much cheaper alternative. Also, with growing concern about the damage being caused to the environment, biodegradable corn plastic is better for the environment.
Corn plastic is going to be a giant thing in the years ahead. Furthermore, it is clearly going to offer eco-entrepreneurs some extremely exciting opportunities.
Looking for a Good Business Idea?
For an almost-can't lose chance for success, combine two fundamental rules for making a small business work:
1. Discover something you can do better than anyone else.
2. Figure out how to sell your product or service cheaper than anyone else.
Start by asking yourself, "What product or service am I unhappy with?"
If something is bothering you, chances are others feel the same way. If the feeling is widespread enough - and you have a way to solve your own problem - you may have a multi-million-dollar business idea.
Then ask yourself, "How can I provide my better product or service for less than the competition?"
That's what the founder of Save-A-Lot supermarkets did. He noticed that stores like Wal-Mart and Kroger had no interest in going into blighted (see Word to the Wise, below) urban neighborhoods. So, by taking on a market that the bigger chains ignore, The Wall Street Journal says, Save-A-Lot has "quietly become one of the nation's most successful grocery chains."
Save-A-Lot is part of a boom in low-frills supermarkets known as "hard discounters" that are undercutting the Wal-Marts and Krogers by stocking mostly their own brands and focusing on high-inventory items. (A typical Wal-Mart, for example, might stock 30,000 items, while a Save-A-Lot might stock 3,000.) The stores are sold as franchises. (75% of them are run by licensees.) Already, Save-A-Lot has 1,229 stores in 39 states and is adding more than 65 stores this year alone.
Over the weekend, see if you can come up with an small business idea for your million-dollar business. Start by thinking about all the products and services you regularly use. Have you ever said something like, "If only that widget had a _____, it would be so much easier to use"? Or "If only that company would _____ instead of _____, it would make my life so much easier"? That could be your breakthrough idea. And if you can figure out how to provide your better product or service at a better price than the competition, you're ready to leap into the wonderful world of entrepreneurship.

Could Copywriting Be the Business Idea of Your Dreams?
Have you ever dreamed of owning a lucrative small business that lets you work anywhere you want - anytime you want - and gives you plenty of time off to travel, spend time with family and friends, or to pursue your hobbies?
If so, direct-response copywriting could very well be the business of your dreams.
Why does copywriting pay so well? It's simple supply and demand.
Thousands of direct-response marketers across America and around the world are desperate for strong advertising copy. But there are so few writers to meet that demand that the good ones can pretty much write their own tickets.
If you can read, write, use a computer, and dial a telephone, you can learn this lucrative skill and make a very healthy living at it.
I'm living proof that it's true.
In the 1970's, I was a 20-something high-school dropout. I had a wife, a two-year-old daughter, and a baby on the way. My 12-hour-a-day job paid minimum wage, and we were struggling to pay the bills and put groceries on the table.
One day, as I was scouring the local paper for better job opportunities, I spied a tiny "help wanted" ad that intrigued me. A small-business owner needed someone to write ads for him.
"What do I have to lose?" I asked myself. "I can write. How hard can this be?"
My prospective employer wasn't exactly blown away by my experience and credentials. In fact, I expected the guy to have me thrown out of his office. Instead, he gave me an opportunity to prove my skills by writing a short sales letter. I poured my heart and soul into it, and a week later I had a new job - as a copywriter.
That's when everything changed for me. In the months and years that followed, my income soared to $100,000, then to $250,000, to $500,000, to $1 million ... and ultimately to nearly $3 million in a single year.
I'm not telling you this to brag - only to show you that if a high-school dropout like me can do it, you can too.
Even if you believe you have no natural talent for writing, you can still do very well. Good copywriting sounds like natural conversation - so if you can talk, you already have all the innate knowledge needed to be a successful copywriter.
Here's how you can get started on a profitable copywriting career:
1. Purchase a good home-study program. Really study it. Complete all of the exercises and become fully immersed in the skill of copywriting. This is how you learn the basics of what is considered good direct-response copy - the simple techniques that move people to action.
2. Get a deeper understanding of the basics of direct-response marketing by reading books such as Bob Bly's The Complete Idiot's Guide to Direct Marketing. Learn the industry lingo and understand the nuts and bolts of the direct-marketing business. You must understand the inner workings of the business so you fully understand how your copy fits into the equation. And it doesn't hurt to speak the language.
3. Study the masters. Study sales copy written by pros like Gary Bencivenga, Dan Kennedy, Gary Halbert, John Carlton, and others. Sign up for and read their e-newsletters, visit and read the archives on their websites. Learn from the best.
And after you have done all of the above and are ready for your first assignments (and for the cash to start rolling in) ...
4. Pick a niche in which you have some interest and knowledge and start looking for clients. My niche has always been health and financial publications. Your niche might be business opportunities or real estate.
Whatever your interests, I'll bet there is a product or publication just waiting for your newfound copywriting skill to sell it.
Narrowing your focus on a niche market will insure that you meet your goals faster. It's a huge direct-marketing world out there; don't waste your time running around trying to be everything to everyone. Write what you know.
There's one more thing you must do to make your sales copy successful.
Good ad writers simply explain all the benefits a product will bring to the customer's life - and they make a great living by doing that.
But great ad writers know that the vast majority of purchases are made for emotional reasons. So they identify the strongest emotions the customer already has concerning the benefits the product offers - or the lack of them ... and then they speak directly to those emotions.
If you can do this one thing, you can be one of the great ones - and a life of high-paying assignments and amazing freedom will be yours!
By Clayton Makepeace
NB: Clayton Makepeace is a copywriter and direct-marketing consultant with over 33 years of experience and more than $1 billion in sales generated for his clients.
Small Business Ideas To Generate More Good Ideas
Small business Innovation and the generation of ideas is currently all the rave. But this is not confined to small US businesses. In the UK the government and big companies are also searching for ways to establish a corporate 'ideas culture'.
Small business innovation conjures up images of entrepreneurs taking existing products and tweaking them for a ready market of customers who are looking for just that solution not currently being met.
Contrast this image with corporate innovation that conjures up images of white-coated boffins in laboratories and driven young things in the creative media industries. But some large companies, together with the government, are keen to sell a different image. Innovation they argue is about piecemeal improvements to processes and work organization, a culture of democratic tweaks.
While small business ideas and innovation is entrepreneurial driven and tend not to reinvent the wheel but instead address gaps in established and proven customer demand, large corporate innovation depends on how creative is the workforce.
New research commissioned by Vodafone, the telecommunications company, paints a mix picture. There's good news and bad news. The good news is of 2,000 employees interviewed, 28% say they generate an idea every week. That translates to 27m productive ideas into circulation for companies; based on just three serviceable in any year. More than two-thirds of respondents believe their managers are likely to listen to new business ideas.
Another striking finding is that micro or small businesses (companies with up to five employees) workers are three times more likely to originate an idea every day than in companies with more than 250 staff. Sectors such as media and marketing are much better at generating ideas than others such as transport, manufacturing and utilities.
The bad news is that employers' attitude for creativity is low. More than half of employees say they are not encouraged to come up with new business ideas, while 49% believe they work for organizations that are just no good with new business ideas.
It does appear that the traditional techniques of managing innovation - notable suggestion schemes, brainstorming and away days are regarded with suspicion. Consequently employees keep business ideas locked up in their heads. Furthermore, 79% are offered no financial incentives to generate business ideas, and 60% are given no time.
So while the government and big companies struggle with encouraging innovation and ideas from within, smaller companies are thriving in these areas. The Internet has created a treasure chest of information and successful prototypes to model, copy and enhance. Small Business ideas can be tested on the cheap. If one does not work, move on the the next one at speed. No committee or board decision is required.
There are successful small companies that have built products on the 'coat tail of success' of large companies by researching markets and developing in demand solutions. Why reinvent the wheel and spend vast sums in creating a market when a large company with fat budgets has done all the hard work for you?
So the advice to large companies when it comes to generating business ideas include:
1. It is vital to offer incentives for generating ideas
2. It is important to have a way of capturing and implementing good business ideas
3. It is necessary to realize that creativity cannot b e planned
May 19, 2005

UK Small Business Ideas are all Around You
UK small business ideas form as a result of many different life experiences. Some individuals were born with the entrepreneurial spirit and their drive towards self-employment began at a very young age. Some people come up with UK small business ideas because they’re tired of working for others. Sometimes, owning their own businesses makes sense for those who have specialized talents. And there is a growing group who make this type of move after being laid off from their jobs or as a result of not being able to find suitable employment.
The explosion of the Internet is making it possible for UK small business ideas to take root right from home. With more and more global business being transacted on the Internet every day, more and more people are trying to get their own piece of this action.
Perhaps even you are considering this type of move towards self independence. Striking out on your own is both exciting and stressful. It’s definitely not something for the faint of heart. You’ve got to be willing to invest double the amount of time and effort into your business to get it off the ground and to keep your UK small business ideas generating income. If you’re working on your own, especially in the beginning, you’ll have to play all roles: sales and marketing manager, negotiator, bookkeeper, administrative assistant and any other position required by your business.
Oftentimes, your ideas will actually result in a UK small business where you’ll need to hire others. That’s a major accomplishment but one that doesn’t necessarily mean your life will get easier. Employees expect to be paid on a regular basis. It’s up to you to ensure they do or they will move on. It may make sense for you to hire contractors whom you can pay by the hour or the project.
If you know you want to be your own boss, and you’re ready to explore UK small business ideas, there are several sources available to help with your search. The press lists business opportunities currently for sale in a particular area. To look at businesses for sale throughout the UK visit Daltons weekly . Here you’ll find pubs, guest houses, catering companies, shops and many other business opportunities.
If you feel you need a bit of assistance when starting out on your own, other viable UK small business ideas are franchises. Take a look around you – there are some 600 different businesses in the UK that actually are franchised. The costs of owning a franchise and the services you get from the franchise in return for those costs does vary between franchises, so you need to do your research. To begin your search for a franchise opportunity in the UK visit
Hopefully this information has got you thinking of ways you can turn your ideas into a successful UK small business venture. When you’re ready to turn your ideas into reality, you’ll find plenty of companies and branches of government ready to assist you in your pursuit!

Small Business Ideas You Can Start Today
Many visitors to Small Business Resource web site are looking for small business ideas. I know that because of the number of searches with the words "small business idea". Also the tracking software tells me key information. It’s no coincidence that we currently rank very highly in for the keyword "small business ideas".
So, here are some business ideas you can start and run from home:

1.Backyard / Garden Ponds/ Water Gardens
These are increasing in demand. Homeowners love the sound of splashing and cascading water and having fishes in the garden. These ponds are very easy to build. There are kits that can help with easy construction. Pumps keep the water going and lights are available to keep them looking their best at night. Water gardens are very much in demand.

2.Market Your Arts And Crafts
If you have jewellery, art, photography, distress furniture, make baskets, etc, there are several books available that can help you learn how to market your art and crafts. Sell them at fairs, or sell them directly to stores or even to catalogue-owners.

Are you handy around the house? Wouldn’t be nice to get paid for it? There are probably plenty of people in your neighbourhood or own town that would love to pay for your handyman services. You might think it’s simple to install a light socket, put up moulding, change a doorknob, patch a screen, repair a broken door hinge or put up some bookshelves, but most people do not. Promote your small business via word of mouth, fliers or a small advertisement in your local newspaper.

4.Special Events Video
Do you enjoy making videos of special gatherings for your family and friends? Why not get paid for it? Take your video camera and start a small business recording special events around town for your neighbours and business associates. Your jobs could range from a corporate retirement dinner, a school picnic, a wedding, a special town club event, a marathon, a local band’s gig, and you name-it. You might need to pick up a tripod or some special light to start this business, so save the receipts. These supplies are tax deductible.

5.Resume Service
If you have a good computer and a laser printer, consider your own resume service, there are lots of people who don’t know how to prepare a resume. You can prepare nice-looking resumes to land a new job. If you already have a computer, you can start straight away. Place ads and post fliers on your new service. Go to your local bookstore and check out the books and software on resume preparation. Contact businesses in your area that might be making people redundant. Ask if you can work with the personnel department to provide resumes to these individuals.

Next week I’ll briefly cover other small business ideas you can easily start from home like, teach your craft, newsletter, knife sharpening, birdhouse building and hometown guide.
So, here are some business ideas you can start and run from home:


© Copyright 2006, European House Skopje. Blog developed by Zoran Dimitrov